The wetland includes 250,000 hectares (620,000 acres) of dry-season lakes and open water including Sagara and Nyamagoma lakes, and 200,000 hectares (490,000 acres) of permanent papyrus swamp. The Malagarasi is the second-longest river in Tanzania, at 475 kilometres (295 mi). Kagera . The floodplains include scattered trees including Combretum fragrans, C. obovatum and C. purpureiflorum, groves of the palm Borassus aethiopum, and small patches of closed-canopy forest on large termite mounds. [1] The first 80 kilometres (50 mi) of the river form the international boundary between Tanzania and Burundi. In the Miocene, the lower Malagarasi was the headwater of the Congo River; today, Lake Tanganyka serves as a holding basin for the Malagarasi, before its waters meet the Lukuga River [23] and eventually the Atlantic Ocean [24] . [19], The tree species in the Malagarasi basin include Albizia gummifera, Bridelia micrantha, Cyperus papyrus, Diospyros mespiliformis, Ficus sycomorus, Ficus verruculosa, Isoberlinia spp., Khaya senegalensis, Parkia filicoidea, Phoenix reclinata, Syzygium cordatum, and Syzygium owariense. Dodging bullets, hippos, and crocodiles, Grant finally emerges in war-torn Burundi, where he befriends some ethnic street gangsters and trails a notorious man-eating crocodile known as Gustave. Omissions? Ruzizi River . [1], Local tribes have nicknamed the Malagarasi as "the river of bad spirits". The Malagarasi River is a river in western Tanzania, flowing through Kigoma Region, although one of its tributaries comes from southeastern Burundi. Wikipedia. [1] The Malagarasi watershed constitutes 30% of the Lake Tanganyika's total watershed area. It will exploit the Igamba Falls on the Malagarasi River. [2][3], The source of the river is near the Tanzania-Burundi border. [25], Vulnerable and endangered animals in the wetland include Shoebill (Balaeniceps rex), Wattled crane (Bugeranus carunculatus), African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), Sitatunga (Tragalephus spekii) and Central African slender-snouted crocodile (Mecistops leptorhynchus). [4] It is one of the lake's primary inflows. Rivers similar to or like Malagarasi River. [28], The Malagarasi-Muyovozi Wetlands became a designated a Ramsar site on April 13, 2000. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It flows about 250 miles (450 km) in a northeast, southeast, and west circular course through extensive swamps to exit through highland country back to the lake. Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands, 21-08-1999. It covers most of the northwest central and southwest part of Tanzanian … Add your article. It's mainly product have been 0.5L, 1.5 From its headwaters, it flows in a northeasterly direction - through the hilly and mountainous landscape, before it turns southwards into a flatter landscape. WWF ecoregion profile, accessed 18 September 2019. After the confluence with the Lumpungu River, the Malagarasi enters Tanzania, makes a circle and empties into the eastern side of Lake Tanganyika about 25 miles (40 km) south of Kigoma, near Ilagala. The lake covers 32,900 km², with a shoreline of 1,828km and a mean depth of 570 m and a maximum depth of 1,470 m (4,823 ft) (in the nor… The confluence of the Kagera and Ruvubu rivers near Rusumo Falls, Rwanda/Tanzania. Ground Transportation at Malagarasi Airport (AG6956) located in Malagarasi, Xigoma Region, Tanzania. It is the deepest lake in Africa and holds the greatest volume of fresh water. on the Malagarasi river, Tanzania Source: John Friel. [15] The Malagarasi pre-dates Lake Tanganyika and was in pre-rift times a tributary of the Congo River to its west. Seasonally-flooded grasslands on the surrounding floodplain vary seasonally and with annual rainfall, and can cover up to 1.5 million hectares (3.7×10^6 acres). La Petite Rusizi à l'Ouest n'emporte qu'un dixième de ses eaux et longe la frontière de la … The upper Luiche River basin is an important water source to the lake. Further inflows are the Kalambo River and the Malagarasi River, which is Tanzania´s second largest river. The stability of 70% of the lake volume and the great 104 likes. Ruzizi River. [29] It is the country's first Ramsar Site. 7. The Malagarasi contains several fish species which sard. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Ruzizi River is one of two rivers that drains into Lake Tanganyika. At 35,000 square kilometres (14,000 sq mi) it is the world's third-largest Ramsar Site.[27]. Underneath a depth of 200 m, the water of Lake Tanganyika is nearly anaerobic and without upper existence, because of the missing water recirculation. It is characterized as a low stream river,[7] and its drainage includes four biotopes: swampy areas, river channels, a flowing river with a few moderate rapids, and a large double-branched delta. According to Studio Pietrangeli, which has provided engineering services for the preparation and implementation of the future power station, the project includes a gravity overflow spillway about 600 m long that will divert the … [1] At Mberagule, the flow of the river has been gauged to be 6.9 cubic kilometers per year. [1] About 80 kilometres (50 mi) from the mouth, the river flows through the Moyowosi swamplands, an area of "extensive swamps and floodplains" and a "marshy labyrinth". [12], Most of the basin is miombo woodland, with Brachystegia spiciformis and Julbernardia globiflora as the dominant trees. [17] Also on the other bank were the Wangoni (Watutu Zulus). Known to local tribes as "the river of bad spirits," the Malagarasi River is a daunting adversary even with a heavily armed Tanzanian crew as travel companions. [18] Henry Morton Stanley, who considered missionaries important to Africa's "civilizing process", stated that missionaries could follow the Malagarasi and participate in "conversion-tours to Uvinza, Uha, and Ugala". [16] [5] The prominent grasses in the valley grasslands are species of Hyparrhenia, Themeda, and Echinochloa. The drainage of the Malagarasi River system enters Lake Tanganyika about 25 miles (40 km) south of Kigoma, Tanz. Airport shuttles, buses, trains, rental cars, taxis, limos, and parking at the lowest prices. [22], The Malagarasi-Muyovozi Wetlands lie in the middle of the basin, at 1200 meters elevation at the confluence of the Malagarasi with the Gombe, Muyovozi, Ugalla, and other tributary rivers. Freshwater Ecoregions of the World (FEOW). Malagarasi River, river in west Tanzania that rises near the north end of Lake Tanganyika. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Malagarasi Hydropower project has several components: a run-of-the-river hydropower plant facility; a 54- km, 132 kV transmission line that will connect to Tanzania’s national grid; a distribution network expansion operation that includes rural electrification and last-mile connections; project management and contract administration support; and compensation and resettlement of affected persons. : 167 With a total length of 597 km (371 mi) from it's source located in Lake Rweru in Rwanda. Malagarasi River - Manonga River - Mara River. Moyowosi River is the principal tributary, along with its affluent the Nikongo River;[5] other tributaries include Ugalla River, Gombe River, Ruchugi River, Lumpungu River,[6] and Nguya River. The Malagarasi river catchment lies within longitudes 3°15´S–6°10´S and latitudes 30°40´E–32°30´E . Malagarasi River and Swamp: 1966: 1 500--1967-736-1968: 472: 478-1987 (avg) 238* Ugalla River and Swamp: 1967-135-1968–70---1971: 1 037: 867: 356: 1987 (avg) 200* * Regional Fisheries Office, 1988. English: Malagarasi River. Malagarasi River The Malagarasi River is a river of southeastern Burundi and northwestern Tanzania, flowing through Kigoma Region. The Kagera River, also known as Akagera River, or Alexandra Nile, is an East African river, forming part of the upper headwaters of the Nile and carrying water from its most distant source. The wetlands are home to 50 species of fish, including the Dark stonebasher (Pollimyrus nigricans) and various endangered, endemic, and food species. Updates? It is the second longest river in the country, at 475 kilometres and with a basin area of 130,000 square kilometres, the Malagarasi has the largest watershed of all of the rivers flowing into Lake Tanganyika The source of the river. The seasonally-flooded grasslands include Hyparrhenia rufa and Echinochloa pyramidalis, with Hyparrhenia dominant in the least-flooded areas, Echinochloa in more frequently-flooded areas, and Vossia nearest the permanent wetlands. It extends for 673 km in a general north-south direction and averages 50 km in width. PLoS ONE 8(3): e58965. [20], The Malagarasi sardine (Mesobola spinifer) is endemic to the river. Malagarasi Aquatic Rapid Biodiversity Assessment 3.1 Overview This RBA sampled 17 sites along the lower Malagarasi River between the delta and start of large upstream wetlands, covering a river distance of approximately 154 km. Unlike most functional hydroelectric power stations in Africa, the Malagarasi plant will be built on a run-of-river basis. Its drainage covers small tributaries passing different populated areas. Many studies deal indirectly with the mixing and the substance transport in Lake Tanganyika. So, the tradition of 19th-century British explorers, first and foremost Richard Burton, who became his spectral travel companion, Grant set out to do so. PAGANI RIVER. U. Umba River (Tanzania) W. Wami River - Wembere River This page was last changed on 29 July 2013, at 04:33. [23], The papyrus swamps are dominated by the sedge Cyperus papyrus and the grass Oryza barthii. The Malagarasi River is a river in western Tanzania, flowing through Kigoma Region, although one of its tributaries comes from southeastern Burundi. PLoS ONE 8(3): e58965. Malagarasi River. Share. Lake Tanganyika has since said to have "undergone both transgression and regression, depositing new sediments, altering the delta, and changing the course of the river". [1] The Malagarasi-Muyovozi Wetlands are a designated a Ramsar site. [20] Concerns have been raised over hippo poaching in the river basin by the Wanyahosa people, who prefer the meat over fish. The source of the Malagarasi River lies in the mountainous region, north of Kigoma and close to the Burundi border. The Malagarasi River in Tanzania had not been fully traveled by either Westerners or Africans. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Malagarasi-River, Freshwater Ecoregions of the World - Malagarasi River,Tanzania. The concept of channeled surface flow, however, remains central to the definition.… A total of 66 samples were samples from 8 different accessible sites using standard methods to determine dissolved oxygen (DO), turbidity, temperature, electrical … [26][27] Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) and hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) are common in the wetlands. Several tributaries from the Burundi highlands join its right bank. The overflow to … Akagera. The lake is situated within the Western Rift of the Great Rift Valley and is confined by the mountainous walls of the valley. It is the second-longest river in Tanzania behind the Rufiji—Great Ruaha, and has the largest watershed of any river flowing into Lake Tanganyika. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "malagarasi" Flickr tag. Director of Wildlife, Wildlife Division of the United Republic of Tanzania (1999). [21] The Malagarasi contains several fish species which occur in the Congo River Basin but not in Lake Tanganyika. [11], The Malagarasi watershed is bounded on the north by the watershed of Lake Victoria, on the east by the closed basin of the Southern Eastern Rift, to the south by the closed basin of Lake Rukwa, and to the east by Lake Tanganyika. Home Organisms Biota by conservation status Species by IUCN Red List category IUCN Red List least concern species Malagarasi sardine. The Malagarasi is the second-longest river in Tanzania, at 475 kilometres (295 mi). Accessed 18 September 2019. Local tribes have nicknamed the Malagarasi as "the river of bad spirits". The floodplain supports extensive grasslands, dominated by the grasses Echinochloa haploclada, Themeda triandra, Setaria spp., Andropogon spp., Eragrostis spp., Digitaria spp., and Sporobolus spp. [14], According to ecologist Rosemary Lowe-McConnell, "the Malagarasi and the Rungwa River are assumed to be relict headwaters of the extended pre-rift Zaire system". A wooden boat sways idyllically in a marsh of the Malagarasi River where it begins from an eastern mouth of the great Lake Tanganyika, Africa’s deepest lake and the world’s longest lake. Along the river, muscled men pull loaded bicycles under the scorching sun. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. (2013) The Malagarasi River Does Not Form an Absolute Barrier to Chimpanzee Movement in Western Tanzania. [24], The middle and upper reaches of the Ugalla River include a seasonally-inudated floodplain 120 kilometres (75 mi) long and up to 50 kilometres (31 mi) wide. The Malagarasi is the second-longest river in Tanzania, at 475 kilometres (295 mi). [9][10] It passes through the Dodoma Belt, a geological area of Archaean and Proterozoic age Precambrian crystalline rocks. R. Rufiji River - Rurubu River - Ruvuma River - Ruvyironza River. The Malagarasi River begins near the Burundian border, is 475 km long, and has the largest watershed of all the rivers flowing into Lake Tanganyika. Malagarasi River at the Delta -1 0.022 Fig. [1] The first 80 kilometres (50 mi) of the river form the international boundary between Tanzania and Burundi. Tanganyika, near the Malagarasi and the Luiche Rivers Platforms. Most export-import transactions are systematically recorded by customs authorities, if only for fiscal purposes. The Malagarasi wetland is the biggest drainage basin that feeds Lake Tanganyika. [2] [3] The source of the river is near the Tanzania-Burundi border. Inverse relationship of chlorophyll a (µg l ) with turbidity (NTU) at the 0.02 Malagarasi Delta suggesting that turbidity at this site is mainly a function of Chlorophyll a (!g l -1) 0.018 suspended sediments, not productivity blooms. The Lake Tanganyika drainage basin includes the upper Luiche River basin and the Malagarasi wetlands. In the late 19th century, the Wavinza people, who ran the river's ferry service from the left bank, avoided assimilation with the Wanyamwezi people because of the natural barrier formed by the Malagarasi. River, (ultimately from Latin ripa, “bank”), any natural stream of water that flows in a channel with defined banks . S. Semu River - Sibiti River. "Zambezian Flooded Grasslands". Malagarasi Drinking Water. ; at its southern end, on the frontier with Zambia, the 700-foot (210-metre) Kalambo Falls occur where the Kalambo River tumbles over the escarpment. Modern usage includes rivers that are multichanneled, intermittent, or ephemeral in flow and channels that are practically bankless. Corrections? Toutes ces eaux prennent leur source sur le versant Congo des crêtes séparant les bassins du Nil et du Congo. Date: 30 May 2012: Source: File:Tanzania Roads & Rails.png: Author: MapMaster, adapted by Dr. Blofeld: Licensing . Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 5 Nevertheless, information to track commodity movements exists in many countries. [8], The flow of the river ranges dramatically between the annual cycle of wet and dry seasons, and at times may be susceptible to flooding or reduced to a small stream; flow is also affected by local agriculture and deforestation which increase the level of sediments within the river. In the deepest thicknesses, the water has a fossil characteristic. The Malagarasi River is the most important sediment supply entering Lake Tanganyika, after the Rusizi River in the north-ern basin. The Malagarasi sardine Mesobola spinifer is endemic to the river. It is the second-longest river in Tanzania behind the Rufiji—Great Ruaha, and has the largest watershed of any river flowing into Lake Tanganyika. River in western Tanzania, flowing through Kigoma Region, although one of its tributaries comes from southeastern Burundi. [1] Over its history, the lake level has altered dramatically between 100 and 200 metres (330 and 660 ft); historical accounts from the late nineteenth century indicate that it was about 10 metres (33 ft) higher than it is today. The climate of the area is tropical in nature characterized by the interaction of the southern monsoon winds as well as the southeast and northeast trade winds. [1], With a basin area of 130,000 square kilometres (50,000 sq mi), the Malagarasi has the largest watershed of all of the rivers flowing into Lake Tanganyika. Central African slender-snouted crocodile, "Malagarasi River Delta Sedimentology: Evidence of Lake Level Changes in Lake Tanganyika", "Mesobola spinifer (Bailey & Matthes, 1971) Malagarasi sardine", "The Project for Sustainable and Integrated Management of the Malagarasi-Muyovozi Ramsar Site (SIMMORS)", "TANZANIA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF Ramsar Site 1024;(WI Site 1TZ001)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Malagarasi_River&oldid=984690154, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 14:37. Sampling was undertaken in the middle of the dry season (when water levels began to subside) from the 4th to 20th of The area receives bimodal rains, namely November to December (short rains) and April to May (main rainy season). "The Malagarasi-Muyovozi Wetlands". River, 117 km long, that flows from Lake Kivu to Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, descending from about 1500 m to about 770 m above sea level over its length. It is the largest rift lake in Africa and the second largest lake by surface area on the continent. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. [1] The Malagarasi-Muyovozi Wetlands are a designated a Ramsar site. Several … MALAGARASI DRINKING WATER is a manufacturing industry which is concerned with production of bottled drinking water. [5] Giant freshwater Mbu pufferfish, however, occur in both the Central and Upper Zaire Basin and the Malagarasi River. Piel AK, Stewart FA, Pintea L, Li Y, Ramirez MA, Loy DE, et al. Lake Tanganika has two primary outflows: the Ruziz River and the Malagarasi River. Accessed 18 September 2019. "Malagarasi-Moyowosi". 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