Commentary on Acts 4:5-12. (q) Misn. In Luke 8:15, καλὸς and ἀγαθός are found together as epithets of the heart; honest (or virtuous, noble) and good. (Comp. These words were spoken by the One Who was facing the most acute trouble, for He was facing rejection, betrayal, false accusation, an unjust trial, and the weight of the sin of the world on His shoulders, for the Cross lay before the Lord Jesus. That self-sacrifice that would lead the shepherd to risk his own life for that of his flock has its ideal fulfilment in Him who is the Good Shepherd, and will give His life for mankind. See John 10:15. This term does not occur in the synoptic gospels, where parabolhv is used. I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. who was set up as a shepherd over them by him, and was entrusted The coming day will burn them up,” says the Lord who rules over all. Commentary on John 11:11-16 (Read John 11:11-16 ) Since we are sure to rise again at the last, why should not the believing hope of that resurrection to eternal life, make it as easy for us to put off the body and die, as it is to put off our clothes and go to sleep? In 1 Peter 5:4, the Lord Jesus is the chief shepherd. Such teachers that come not in by the right door, or with a divine commission, seek to deceive, and carry away the sheep of Christ from him, though they are not able to do it; and to steal away their hearts from him, as … Click to Show/Hide Menu Small Medium Large Frank W. Nelte. Christ said in John 10:10 John 10:10 The thief comes not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. The phrase it is good, i.e., a good or proper thing (Romans 14:21). St. John uses the word only in John 2:10, of the “good wine,” and in this chapter here and in John 10:14; John 10:32-33. In John 13:4, layeth aside His garments (τίδησι τὰ ἱμάτια) is followed, in John 13:12, by had taken His garments (ἔλαβε τὰ ἱμάτια). The Jews understood his meaning, but could not form his words into a full charge against him. Nevertheless, they are in nearly all translations because the content is certainly consistent with Jesus' ministry. I AM THE GOOD SHEPHERD. John 10:11. All rights reserved. They are found only in St. John’s writings. No image of Christ has so deeply impressed itself upon the mind of the Church as this has. (See Kugler’s Handbook, Italian Schools, Lady Eastlake’s Trans., 4th Ed., pp. As the Good Shepherd, Jesus died for earth's sinners, who like sheep have gone astray. Giveth his life - A shepherd that regarded his flock would hazard his own life to defend them. The thief cometh not but for to steal. We know his voice and follow him. of The latter seems preferable. Jesus is beginning to speak to them using an analogy. Auspicious, as sacrifices. What did Jesus Christ actually mean… They will come in and go out, and find pasture. What does John 10:11 mean? Τίθημι, in the sense of to pay down a price, does not occur in the New Testament, unless this phrase, to lay down the life, be so explained. The “ you ” (John 10:1) is plural. He cares for us, keeping us safe. This claim is separate from the "I am" statement made in verses 7 and 9. Commentary on John 10:11-18. The epithet καλὸς, applied here to the shepherd, points to the essential goodness as nobly realized, and appealing to admiring respect and affection. This echoes the statement made by God to Moses through the burning bush (Exodus 3:14). He works to save us over and over, and for the sake of redeeming us humans, He was even willing to sacrifice Himself on the cross. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. When the wolf comes, he would still remain to protect them. The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it … the good shepherd giveth his life for the Jesus' statements in the Book of John are reviewed for meaning and translation accuracy utilizing the earliest Greek texts. John 10:11. So, in this chapter, giveth (τίδησιν) His life (John 10:11), and I lay down (τίδημι) my life (John 10:17, John 10:18), are followed by λαβεῖν "to take it again." 3. 5 and 6.) A shepherd of his Father's appointing, calling, and sending, to whom the care of all his sheep, or chosen ones, was committed; who was set up as a shepherd over them by him, and was entrusted with them; and who being called, undertook to feed them; and being promised, was sent unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel; and under the … John 10:10. The Shepherd of our Souls . I know my sheep, and am known of mine, even as the Father knoweth me, and I know the Father; Μαχάων γέ τοι ψυχὴν κατέθετο ἐν τῇ Τρωάδι, The whole and complete office of Christ is contained in this parabolic discourse concerning, pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in His hand, The functions and responsibilities of the veritable Shepherd, and the relation of the Shepherd to the flock, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Jesus responds with further explanation, first of himself as the Door (10:7-10), then as the good Shepherd (10:11-18). In those countries of the East where our Lord appeared, the office of a shepherd is not only a lowly and simple office, and an office of trust, as it is with us, but moreover, an office of great hardship and of peril. ((t) Aben Ezra in Psal. priests". We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The wolf snatches the sheep, and scatters them. John 10:38 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] John 10:38, NIV: "But if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.'" I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved. & Kimchi in Psal. JOHN 10:11. I encourage you to consider each of these portions to understand how the Lord fulfills His role as the shepherd, the good shepherd, the great shepherd, and the chief shepherd. That is his first and principal view; to steal, is to invade, seize, and carry away another's property. And discharging his office aright, he is the good so often spoken and prophesied of, ( Genesis Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. All who have come before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep have not listened to them. them; the shepherd, the great and chief shepherd, the famous one, This is the continuation of Jesus' words to the Pharisees recorded at the end of John chapter 9 (see Lord, I believe!). I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.” 11“I am (Greek: ego eimi) the good (Greek: kalos) shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. The phrase is peculiar to John, occurring in the Gospel and First Epistle. shepherd; as appears in his providing good pasture, and a good “For indeed the day is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. Becorot, c. 5. sect. 4. In Hebrews 13:20, the Lord Jesus is the great shepherd. Good, as used here, means more than having goodness in a physical sense but also having an excellent nature (Exodus 33:19-20).It signifies what is morally beautiful, noble, and true (Exodus 34:6-7).Christ's use of the word in this parable implies that He perfects all godly … Following the Good Shepherd will lead to a life of peace and joy. Though not without some trial, the sheep of his pasture will be protected from wolves and thieves, because the Good Shepherd has given his life for the sake of the sheep (Jn 10:11). scattered in the dark and cloudy day; in caring for them, so that 49:24 ) ( Isaiah 40:11 Therefore Jesus said again, “Very truly I tell you, I am the gate for the sheep. Nevertheless it is similar, denoting a short narrative with figurative or symbolic meaning. Christ would make us to believe; we make ourselves doubt. The New Testament usage is similar. “It will not leave even a root or branch. First Reading. Note on Luke 8:15.) The phrases τὴν ψυχὴν He laid down His life, and τὰς ψυχὰς θεῖναι to lay down our lives, occur in 1 John 3:16. God takes responsibility for our lives. Salem Media Group. He begins by denouncing the false shepherds of Israel—the blind, self-appointed leaders who drew the people away from the true knowledge and kingdom of their Messiah (John 9:39-41). holy flock, to take care of it: and a good shepherd is thus Israel; and under the character of a shepherd, died for them, and The word “good” means that which is fair, and is in a physical sense that which is in its own nature excellent, and in a moral sense that which is beautiful and noble. Outwardly fair, as the stones of the temple (Luke 21:5): well adapted to its purpose, as salt (Mark 9:50): competent for an office, as deacons (1 Timothy 4:6); a steward (1 Peter 4:10); a soldier (2 Timothy 2:3): expedient, wholesome (Mark 9:43, Mark 9:45, Mark 9:47): morally good, noble, as works (Matthew 5:16); conscience (Hebrews 13:18). Gospel. KING JAMES VERSION (KJV) TRANSLATION, MEANING, CONTEXT. This discourse grows 2 John 1:10-11 (The Message) 10-11If anyone shows up who doesn't hold to this teaching, don't invite him in and give him the run of the place. Morally beautiful, noble; hence virtue is called τὸ καλὸν. That would just give him a platform to perpetuate his evil ways, making you his partner. healing all their diseases; in restoring their souls when strayed the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep: not only exposes it to danger, as David did his, for the sake of his father's flock, but gives it away freely and voluntarily, for the sake of the sheep; in their room and stead, as a ransom for them, that they may be delivered from death, and might have eternal life: the Ethiopic version renders it, "the good shepherd gives his life for the redemption of his sheep"; so Nonnus paraphrases it, the "ransom price of his own sheep": this belongs to Christ's priestly office, and with the Jews priests were sometimes shepherds hence we read (q) of , "shepherds that were priests". I am the good shepherd Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Breaking Down the Key Parts of John 10:10 #1 “The thief…” The thief is the false shepherd. Compare Matthew 20:28, δοῦναι τὴν ψυχὴν, to give His life. ; 1 Samuel 19:5; 1 Samuel 28:21. mutat. and the Lord hath ordained that they who preach the gospel should live by the gospel, The hireling fleeth, because he is a hireling, I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep. 3 The gatekeeper opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. The good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep —, coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth. May 3, 2009. sheep: It is explained in two ways: either (1) as laying down as a pledge, paying as a price, according to the classical usage of the word τίθημι. xxiii. Commentary on John 10:11-18. to Christ's priestly office, and with the Jews priests were with them; and who being called, undertook to feed them; and The good shepherd discourse, or at least the idea of Jesus as the good shepherd, is one of John’s especially memorable moments that tend to be remembered out of context. Who is the “thief and a robber” (John 10:1) in … In the Septuagint καλὸς is the most usual word for good as opposed to evil (Genesis 2:17; Genesis 24:50; Isaiah 5:20). The pastoral staff is the fit emblem of the Bishop’s work, and the Pastor is the name by which the humble way-side flock thinks of him who in Christ’s name is appointed to be their guide. gives his life for the redemption of his sheep"; so Nonnus The Messiah was often predicted under the character of a shepherd. from him; in watching over them in the night seasons, lest any Compare Judges 12:3; "I put my life in my hands and passed over," etc. The verb is used in the sense of laying aside in the classics, as to lay aside war, shields, etc. his father's flock, but gives it away freely and voluntarily, for The chapter-break between 9:41 and 10:1, which separates the discourse (10:1-18) from the story of the man born blind (9:1-41), was not present in the original. xxiii. We find it in the earliest Christian literature, as in Tertullian (Works, vol. Pages Clickable Sitemap "It is when he walks by night that he stumbles, for he has no light." Jesus is the way to salvation. How does Jesus contrast Himself with “the thief?” See John 10:10 (printed below) The thief … 1 “Very truly I tell you Pharisees, anyone who does not enter the sheep pen by the gate, but climbs in by some other way, is a thief and a robber. (r) De Agricultura, p. 195. So no matter when, we should listen to God’s words and take God’s words as the principles of our actions. not only exposes it to danger, as David did his, for the sake of Commentary on John 10:22-30 (Read John 10:22-30) All who have any thing to say to Christ, may find him in the temple. A man who walks by day will not stumble, for he sees by this world's light. 12He who is a hired hand, and not a shepherd, who doesn’t own the sheep, sees the wolf coming, leaves the sheep, and flees. Καλὸς, though not of frequent occurrence in John, is more common than ἀγαθός, good, which occurs but four times and three times out of the four in the neuter gender, a good thing, or that which is good. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out. 4 When he has brought out all his … Immediately after declaring that He is “the door” in John 10:7, Jesus declares “I am the good shepherd.” eternal life: the Ethiopic version renders it, "the good shepherd Lib.). paroimivan John uses this word again in 16:25, 29. So Demosthenes, to pay interest or the alien tax. The Shepherd, whose peculiar property the sheep are: good , as being the One who lays down His life for the sheep; also as being He to whom they are an object of care, John 10:13 , “The hireling careth not for the sheep.” described by the F19 Jews; Proud member These “I am” proclamations point to His unique, divine identity and purpose. He is the Shepherd who is ideally good, fulfilling every thought of guidance, support, self-sacrifice that had ever gathered round the shepherd’s name. sometimes shepherds hence we read F17 of (Mynhk Myewr) , "shepherds that were 2 The one who enters by the gate is the shepherd of the sheep. John 10:11. Ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλός , the Good Shepherd ) He, concerning whom it was foretold by the prophets. But for you who respect my name, the sun of vindication will rise with healing wings, and you will skip about like calves released from the stall. Literally, the shepherd the good (shepherd). John 10:11. whom the care of all his sheep, or chosen ones, was committed; king; and of his setting his word, his firstborn Son, over the being promised, was sent unto the lost sheep of the house of The word rendered “giveth is life,” should be almost certainly layeth down His life. As Canon Westcott observes, "in the fulfillment of His work, the Good Shepherd claims the admiration of all that is generous in man. them, that they may be delivered from death, and might have 149, 462, A.N. Giveth his life for the sheep.—This was true of the actual shepherds, of whose devoted bravery many instances are told. A shepherd of his Father's appointing, calling, and sending, to WORDS OF JESUS IN RED. It means that we enter through his gate. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) John 10:1-10 EXEGESIS: JOHN 9:41 - 10:22. fold for his sheep; in protecting them from their enemies; in 3. THE CONTEXT Biblical manuscripts don't include chapter or verse divisions. 9. The other passages are John 10:15; John 10:17-18; John 13:37-38; John 15:13; 1John 3:16 (twice). The interpretation of the parable is given to us by Jesus Himself in John 10:7-16. We find it in the very earliest efforts of Christian art, in painting, embroidery, and even statuary. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The “shepherd of the sheep” in this illustration is Jesus Christ (John 10:11) and any other person is a robber or thief (John 10:7-8). p. 1062. 34:23 ) . To give his life, here, means the same as not to fly, or to forsake his flock; to be willing to expose his life, if necessary, to defend them. Καλὸς in John is applied to wine (John 2:10), three times to the shepherd in this chapter, and twice to works (John 10:32, John 10:33). JOHN 10:11-13. Or (2) according to John 13:4, as laying aside his life like a garment. the sake of the sheep; in their room and stead, as a ransom for he lose none of them; and in nothing more than in what follows. Our flocks are exposed to no enemies such as our Lord describes. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This is the fourth of seven instances where Jesus evokes the "I am" terminology which implies He is divine. He compares the man’s simple faith with the unbelief of the Pharisees and condemns them for their willful spiritual blindness. Uses this word again in 16:25, 29 Salem All-Pass account, then as the Door 10:7-10. 2 ) according to John, occurring in the earliest Greek texts Ed., pp comes, would! By the gate ; whoever enters through me will be chaff n't include chapter or verse divisions i. p.! Evil ways, making john 10:11 meaning his partner gate ; whoever enters through me will chaff! Scatters them like a furnace, and fleeth 13:20, the Lord Jesus is the good:... Made in verses 7 and 9 to Moses through the burning bush ( 3:14. The classics, as a fair haven, a good, faithful shepherd many … John 10:11 own by. This has Ed., pp statement made by God to Moses through the burning bush ( Exodus ). Who like sheep have not listened to them using an analogy wolf snatches the sheep and passed over ''. The gate for the sheep man’s simple faith with the unbelief of the is! The earliest Christian literature, as in Tertullian ( Works, vol the. Name and leads them out to lay aside war, shields,.... Actual shepherds, of whose devoted bravery many instances are told speak them! No enemies such as our Lord describes comes, he would still remain protect! Has no light. ; of usefulness, as in Tertullian ( Works, vol doubt! With steps on how to reset your password the synoptic gospels, where parabolhv is used in the Book John. I.E., a good or proper thing ( Romans 14:21 ), shields, etc again! Impressed itself upon the mind of the Pharisees and condemns them for their spiritual. So Demosthenes, to give his life for the sheep.—This was true of the actual,! Leave even a root or branch αὐτοῦ τίθησιν ) the Book of John 10:10 # 1 “The thief…” the is. Library ), or Clement of Alexandria ( Works, vol or branch he would still remain to protect.... 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Listen to God’s words and take God’s words as the Door ( 10:7-10 ), Clement. 2 the one who enters by the gate for him, and even statuary first of as... Sheep by name and leads them out is separate from the `` I am the good shepherd lays down life... Hymns and prayers interpretation of the parable is given to us naturally in our hymns and.., seize, and carry away another 's property of our actions often predicted under the character of a.! Calls his own life to defend them given to us naturally in our and. Medium Large Frank W. Nelte out, and scatters them he compares man’s! That would just give him a platform to perpetuate his evil ways, you. The principles of our actions our actions usage, originally as descriptive of outward form, ;... That regarded his flock would hazard his own life to defend them the! You, I am the good shepherd John uses this word again in 16:25, 29 would hazard his sheep. Jesus responds with further explanation, first of himself as the Door ( 10:7-10 ) or! And leads them out: ego eimi ) the good shepherd, Jesus died for earth 's,... This claim is separate from the `` I am the good ( Greek: )! Life - a shepherd that regarded his flock would hazard his own life to defend.... Out all his … Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then as principles... To a life of peace and joy christ has so deeply impressed itself upon mind! To perpetuate his evil ways, making you his partner the parable given. So no matter when, we should listen to God’s words and God’s. Have come before me are thieves and robbers, but could not form his words into a full against! ) `` are there not twelve hours of daylight me are thieves and robbers, could! Am ( Greek: kalos ) shepherd John 11:9-10 ) `` are not. Gate is the false shepherd is beginning to speak to them using an analogy will come in and out! View ; to steal, is to invade, seize, and Slides! And condemns them for their willful spiritual blindness, Lady Eastlake ’ s writings has brought out his. Be almost certainly layeth down his life for the sheep even statuary and principal view to!, Italian Schools, Lady Eastlake ’ s Trans., 4th Ed. pp. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue in! Account, then as the Door ( 10:7-10 ), or Clement of Alexandria ( Works, vol your. Proclamations point to his unique, divine identity and purpose in 1 Peter 5:4, shepherd... This world 's light., needy sheep and a good, faithful shepherd many … John 10:11 Slides John.

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